MadukeBulat is an owner operated orthodontic speciality practice

Orthodontics Terminology

Orthodontic Terminology

Surrey orthodontists Dr. Maduke and Dr. Bulat share orthodontic terminology that will be helpful to their orthodontic patients.

Parts of Braces

  • Appliance: Anything your orthodontist attaches to your teeth which moves your teeth or changes the shape of your jaw.
  • Archwire: The metal wire that acts as a track to guide your teeth along as they move. It is changed periodically throughout treatment as your teeth move to their new positions.
  • Band: A metal ring that is cemented to your tooth and goes completely around your tooth. Bands provide a way to attach brackets to your teeth.
  • Bond: The seal created by orthodontic cement that holds your appliances in place.
  • Bracket: A metal or ceramic part cemented (“bonded”) to your tooth that holds your archwire in place.
  • Coil Spring: A spring that fits between your brackets and over your archwire to open space between your teeth.
  • Elastic (Rubber Band): A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide pressure to move your teeth to their new position.
  • Elastic Tie: The rubber band that fits around your bracket to hold the archwire in place. They come in a variety of colors.
  • Headgear: Headgear uses an external wire apparatus known as a facebow to gently guide the growth of your face and jaw by moving your teeth into proper position. The force is applied to the facebow by a spring-loaded neck strap or head strap. The straps have a safety release that disconnects if the facebow is pulled or snagged.
  • Headgear Tube: A round, hollow attachment on your back bands. The inner bow of your headgear fits into it.
  • Hook: A welded or removable arm to which elastics are attached.
  • Ligature: A thin wire that holds your archwire into your bracket.
  • Lip Bumper: A lip bumper is an archwire attached to a molded piece of plastic. The lip bumper holds back the molars on your lower jaw to provide more space for your other teeth.
  • Mouthguard: A device that protects your mouth from injury when you participate in sports or rigorous activities.
  • Palatal Expander: A device that makes your upper jaw wider.
  • Retainer: An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed, the retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable and others are bonded to the tongue-side of several teeth.
  • Separator (or Spacer): A small rubber ring that creates space between your teeth before the bands are attached.
  • Tie Wire: A fine wire that is twisted around your bracket to hold the archwire in place.
  • Wax: Wax is used to stop your braces from irritating your lips.

Orthodontic Procedures

  • Banding: The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.
  • Bonding: The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using special orthodontic cement.
  • Cephalometic X-ray: An x-ray of your head which shows the relative positions and growth of the face, jaws, and teeth.
  • Consultation: A meeting with your orthodontist to discuss a treatment plan.
  • Debanding: The process of removing cemented orthodontic bands from your teeth.
  • Debonding: The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.
  • Impressions: The process of making a model of your teeth by biting into a soft material that hardens into a mould of your teeth. These moulds are poured into stone and are used to fabricate any required orthodontic appliances by our in-house laboratory.
  • Invisalign®: An alternative to traditional braces, Invisalign straightens your teeth with a series of clear custom-moulded aligners. Invisalign can correct some, but not all, orthodontic problems.
  • Ligation: The process of attaching an archwire to the brackets on your teeth.
  • Panoramic X-ray: An x-ray that rotates around your head to take pictures of your teeth, jaw and other facial areas.
  • Scanning: This is the procedure which creates a 3-dimensional visual image.  We use this image in order to assist with diagnosis and planning of orthodontic treatment.
Mb Orthodontics Kids2

Ortho for Children

Typically we recommend a screening for all children by the age of seven in order to determine if orthodontic treatments will be required. By treating relatively simple problems early, it often eliminates the need for more extensive orthodontic treatments later in life.

Mb Adult Ortho

Ortho for Adults

Orthodontic treatments can be successful at any age, and adults can especially appreciate the benefits of a beautiful smile. We have experience in both braces for children and braces for adults. We offer a variety of ways to straighten and align teeth that will improve appearance and self esteem.

Mb Ortho Forms2

Ortho Forms

Dr. Maduke and Dr. Bulat want to ensure that they have all the information before customizing your personal treatment plan. Take a moment to complete these online forms in advance of your next appointment.

Mb Ortho Emergency

Ortho Emergencies

While true orthodontic emergencies are rare, Dr. Maduke & Dr. Bulat are always available to help. We will schedule emergency appointments and will provide assistance over the phone to temporarily resolve the problem until we see you in person.